Comparison of cryptocurrencies

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The cryptocurrency market is explosive which currently serves 735 currencies.

This article aims to list only the most relevant cryptocurrencies. To be listed here, a currency must have one of the following qualities:

  • At one point had significant notoriety.
  • A market cap of 1 billion US dollars.
  • Highly decentralized (anonymous).
  • First to introduce an innovative protocol.
  • Been an infamous fraud.
Coin Symbol Launched Consensus tool Distribution Market cap, rounded Unit cap Status Anonymity Significant notoriety
Bitcoin.png Bitcoin BTC 3 Jan 2009 SHA256d Proof-of-work (fixed, halving) $36 billion 20,999,999.9769 Active Low First blockchain
Bitcoin.png Bitcoin Testnet 1 TNBTC 21 Oct 2010 SHA256d Proof-of-work (fixed, halving) None 20,999,999.9769 Abandoned Low First altcoin[1]
Bitcoin.png Bitcoin Testnet 3 TNBTC 12 Apr 2012 SHA256d Proof-of-work (fixed, halving) None 20,999,999.9769 Active Low Current Bitcoin testnet
Bytecoin-16x16.png Bytecoin BCN 4 Jul 2012 CryptoNight Proof-of-work (random, smooth) $414 million 184.46 billion Active Low Introduced CryptoNote.
Dash.png Dash DASH 18 Jan 2014 under Darkcoin X11 Proof-of-work (fixed, curve) $914 million 19 million (estimate) Active Medium Introduced the X11 algorithm.
Dogecoin.png Dogecoin DOGE 6 Dec 2013 scrypt Proof-of-work (random) $278 million Unlimited Active Low Was joke, became huge
Ethereum.png Ethereum ETH 7 Aug 2015 ? ? $21 billion ? Active Low
Ethereum Classic-32x32.png Ethereum Classic ETC 24 Jul 2016 ? ? $1.6 billion ? Active Low
Komodo.png Komodo KMD 5 Feb 2017 Zerocash ? $54 million ? Active High
Litecoin.png Litecoin LTC 7 Oct 2011 scrypt Proof-of-work (fixed, halving) $1.2 billion 83,999,949.9076 Active Low
Monero.png Monero XMR 18 Apr 2014 CryptoNight Proof-of-work (random, smooth) $584 million ~18,400,000 then <1% inflation Active Medium
Namecoin.png Namecoin NMC 18 Apr 2011 SHA256d - merged mined with Bitcoin Proof-of-work (fixed, halving) $23 million 20,999,999.9769 (like Bitcoin) Active Low First alternative chain, bitDNS
NEM-16x16.png NEM XEM 31 Mar 2015 Proof-of-importance Peer-to-peer $1.7 billion 9 billion Active Medium Introduced the proof-of-importance (POI) algorithm.
Nxt.png Nxt NXT 29 Sep 2013 Consensus through obscurity[2] Proof-of-stake $52 million 999,997,096 Active Low
Peercoin.png Peercoin PPC 19 Aug 2012 Central authoriy[3] Proof-of-work/stake $36 million Unlimited Active Low
PIVX-16x16.png PIVX PIVX 1 Feb 2016 under Darknet Quark proof-of-stake 3.0 $84 million Unlimited Active Medium Introduced the Quark algorithm.
Primecoin XPM 7 Jul 2013 Cunningham Proof-of-work $7 million Unlimited Active Low Implements a unique scientific computing proof-of-work system.
Ripple XRP 1 Mar 2011 Ripple Central $8.2 billion 28,989,252,282 Active Low XRP is the native currency of the Ripple network that only exists within the Ripple system
Bitcoin.png Tonal Bitcoin TBC 2 Jan 2011 See Bitcoin See Bitcoin See Bitcoin 7,750,54.00 Active Low First on-chain alternative
Zcash-16x16.png Zcash ZEC 28 Oct 2016 Zerocash Zero-knowledge proofs, Proof-of-work (Equihash), with a portion of each block subsidy distributed to founders for the first four years. $338 million 21,000,000 (like Bitcoin) Active High First cryptocurrency that implemented the zerocash protocol.
Zclassic-32x32.png Zclassic ZCL 10 Nov 2016 Zerocash See Zcash $5 million See Zcash Active High First Zcash-based currency without the 20% fee for miners made by Zcash.
Zcoin-800x800.png Zcoin XZC 28 Sep 2016 Zerocoin (Zero-knowledge proofs), Merkle Tree Proof of Work ( Proof-of-work) $17 million 21,000,000 (like Bitcoin) Active High First cryptocurrency that implemented the zerocoin protocol which also makes it the first useful Zero-knowledge proof based anonymous cryptocurrency. First that implements Merkle Tree Proof of Work (MTP).

See Also