A financial instrument whose value is accessible by redeeming the code.
Redeemable codes are generally considered "bearer" instruments such that whichever party is first to redeem the code becomes the owner of those funds.
Some bitcoin exchanges offer redeemable codes as a method that allows funds to be transferred from one user to another. These codes might be denominated in bitcoins (BTCs) or they may be denominated in a government currency, such as USDs.
The term Redeemable code was first introduced to the bitcoin community by MtGox but the concept had been in use previously under a variety of terms. MoneyPak, for instance, refers to the code underneath a scratch-off protective layer as the "MoneyPak Number". Other terms that may refer to the same concept are recharge codes, scratch codes, single-use vouchers, etc.
The code only has value if the vendor will grant funds to the party that redeems it. The code could be considered to be a digital currency as it is issued by a vendor and can be used to transfer value electronically.
Bitcoin-related redeemable code issuers and denominations:
- MtGox - Redeemable codes issued in BTCs and all of its wallet denominations including USD, EUR, GBP, etc.
- Bitstamp - Redeemable codes (referred to as "coupons") issued in BTC and USD denonminations.
- Crypto X Change - Redeemable codes (referred to as "coupons") issued in BTC and USD denominations.
- BtcTree - Redeemable codes issued in BTC and USD denominations.
- BTC-E - Redeemable codes issued in USD denomination only.
- AurumXChange Company - Redeemable code (branded as VouchX) issued in USD deonmination only.
- Easywallet.org - Redeemable code (referred to as "coupons") issued in BTC denomination only.
- Bitcoin-24 - Redeemable codes issued in BTC, USD and EUR denominations.
There are redeemable codes from financial and retail issuers. These include gift card eCodes and other stored value instruments.
- MoneyPak by Green Dot, a cash transfer service denominated in USDs.
- UKash vouchers, available in Central and South America, the Middle East, China, Pakistan, Europe and elsewhere.
- CashU coupons, available in the Middle East, Northern Africa and elsewhere.
- Amazon gift codes
- Prepaid Mobile phone reload codes
Some exchanges, exchange partners and merchants will accept funds via a redeemable code from other issuers.
- BitInstant - Accepts redeemable codes, denominated in USDs, from Mt. Gox, BTC-e, BtcTree and Crypto X Change
- AurumXChange - Accepts redeemable codes, denominated in USDs, from Mt. Gox, Crypto X Change and AurumXChange's own VouchX.
- Bitcoin-24 - In addition to its own redeemable code, accepts VouchX redeemable codes
- Cinfu.com accepts Mt. Gox redeemable codes (USD denomination) as a payment method.
- Spend Bitcoins - Accepts MoneyPak redeemable codes for purchase of bitcoins
- Bitcoin Nordic - Accepts redeemable code from CashU cards through that service, which also accepts UKash vouchers.
A redeemable code can be redeemed by any party that knows the code. As a result, the use of this delivery method carries risks. When a trader is sending the code to a trading counterparty, only secure communication methods should be employed. E-mail, for instance, sends data in the clear and thus the code sent in an e-mail would have been visible to dozens of computing devices (routers, mail servers and relays, etc.) before reaching the intended recipient. Standard IRC private messages even are not secure though there are methods for improved communication (SSL). For consumer-level transactions some parties are willing to transact using non-secure methods as the risks of the communication being intercepted and fraud being the result have not yet materialized.
Aside from using encryption, the risk of exchanging a redeemable code can be casually mitigated somewhat by using a "poor man's" multi-factor authentication method such as sending half of the secret code through one channel (e.g. e-mail), and sending the other half through an independent channel (e.g. over a phone call).