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Vanitygen was the first example of a command-line vanity Bitcoin address generator. There are a few other vanity address generators including Vanitygen-plus and VanitySearch.

If you're tired of the random addresses generated by regular Bitcoin clients, you can use a vanity address program to create a more personalized address. You will add unique flair when you ask people to send bitcoins to 1SatoshiHHqnDPRSfiZ5GXJ8Gk9dbjO.

These vanity address programs accept as input a pattern (e.g. 1Bitcoin) and produce a public address and private key. The amount of time required to find a given pattern depends on how complex the pattern is, the speed of your computer, and whether you get lucky.

The example below (from around 2014) illustrates a session of vanitygen. It takes about 10 seconds to create the new public and private keys using a Core 2 Duo E6600 CPU on x86-64 Linux.

Please note that vanitygen is a legacy program and that the information below is provided for historical purposes.

$ ./vanitygen 1Boat
Difficulty: 4476342
Pattern: 1Boat                                                                 
Address: 1BoatSLRHtKNngkdXEeobR76b53LETtpyT
Privkey: 5J4XJRyLVgzbXEgh8VNi4qovLzxRftzMd8a18KkdXv4EqAwX3tS

Vanitygen includes components to perform address searching on your CPU (vanitygen) and your OpenCL-compatible GPU (oclvanitygen). Both can be built from source, and both are included in the Windows binary package. Also included is oclvanityminer, the vanity address mining client. Oclvanityminer can be used to automatically claim bounties on sites such as ThePiachu's Vanity Pool.

Current version: 0.22

Windows x86+x64 binaries here. PGP signature here.

Get the source from GitHub. Includes Makefiles for Linux and Mac OS X.

Main discussion at BitcoinTalk

The latest source doesn't work properly for high-end AMD cards (7XXX and greater). The solution is to change line 459 in oclengine.c from: return quirks; to: return quirks & ~VG_OCL_AMD_BFI_INT; Windows x86+x64 binaries that solve this problem plus provide support for compressed keys here. PGP signature here. If you have any problems with the binaries, join the relevant BitcoinTalk discussion.

Expected keysearch rate

What key search rate can I expect from my hardware? The last five examples using GPU processors were taken from DaveF's list of speeds that can be achieved with the VanitySearch address generator.

Keysearch Rates

CPU GPU keys/s Comment
Core i5 750 @2.67 GHz nVidia GTS 250 1.54 Mkey/s 110% CPU [1]
Core2 Duo 6600 nVidia GTX 285 3.5 Mkey/s 100% CPU / 90% GPU [2]
Sempron 140 AMD 5830 5.5 Mkey/s 100% CPU / 60% GPU [3]
AMD Radeon r7 240 4 Mkey/s [4]
Core i7 AMD 6500M 4.5 Mkey/s 98% GPU
nVidia GeForce GTX 680M 14-16 Mkey/s [5]
nVidia GeForce GTX 970 38 Mkey/s [6]
Core i7-4702MQ 2.2GHz 1.09 Mkey/s
Core i7-4702MQ 2.2GHz GeForce GT750M 5.38 Mkey/s
AMD Radeon r9 280x 25-35 Mkey/s
Sapphire Radeon HD 7970 28Mkey/s [7]
AMD Radeon HD 5870 30 Mkey/s [8]
Asus Strix GTX 970 40Mkey/s [9]
nVidia GeForce GTX 780 Ti (3GB 384-bit GDDR5) 50-60 Mkey/s [10]
Core i5-2500K @ 3.30GHz AMD RX 480 57-64 Mkey/s With AMD patch [11]
GeForce GTX 1060 3GB (9x128 cores) Grid(72x128) 322 Mkey/s [12]
GeForce GTX 1080 Ti (28x128 cores) Grid(224x128) 896 Mkey/s [13]
EVGA RTX 2080 XC ULTRA 1425 Mkey/s [14]
GPU #0 Tesla V100-SXM2-16GB (80x64 cores) Grid(640x128) 1815 Mkey/s [15]
GPU #0 GeForce RTX 2080 SUPER (48x64 cores) Grid(384x256) 2002 Mkey/s [16]

Difficulty of finding a vanity

The difficult of finding a vanity address depends on its exact structure (what are the leading letters or numbers) and how likely such an output is given the algorithms involved, which can consist of several pivots where the difficulty suddenly changes.

vanity difficulty Comment
1AAAAA 259,627,881
1QLbz6 259,627,881 This vanity is alphabetically before a major pivot, the RIPEMD160 hash value of 0xFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFF (address: 1QLbz7JHiBTspS962RLKV8GndWFwi5j6Qr).
1QLbz7JHiBTspS962RLKV8GndWE 2.9597E+45
1QLbz7 837,596,142 This vanity is partially after a pivot and difficulty increases.
1QLbz7JHiBTspS962RLKV8GndWG 1.6489E+47 After a major pivot and 59 times as difficult as the 'E' vanity.
1QLbz8 837,596,142
1aaaaa 15,318,045,009 After various pivots and subsequently more difficult.
1zzzzz 15,318,045,009
1abcdef 888,446,610,539 Six characters case sensitive starting with a lower case character.
111111 1,099,511,627,776 A special case: leading number 1 (one) is especially difficult.
1abcdefg 51,529,903,411,245 Seven characters case sensitive starting with a lower case character.
1abcdefgh 2,988,734,397,852,220 Eight characters case sensitive starting with a lower case character.

Use of a Vanity Address Generator to try to attack addresses

Using vanitygen (or an equivalent), you might think that you would be able to find the private key for a given address. In practice, this is considered impossible. Given that the difficulty increases exponentially the longer your vanity is, so does the average time required to find that vanity. The table below shows how an increasingly complex vanity affects the difficulty and average time required to find a match only for that vanity, let alone the full address, for a machine capable of looking through 1 million keys per second.

Please note that many GPU implementations currently (March 2020) allow up to 1,000 Mkeys/s (or more). For example Bitcoin Vanity Address uses VanitySearch to search more than 1,000 Mkeys/s.

vanity difficulty average time
1B 22 < 1s
1Bi 1,330 < 1s
1Bit 77,178 < 1s
1Bitc 4,476,342 (4.48E+6) < 10s
1Bitco 259,627,881 (2.6E+8) 3 minutes
1Bitcoi 15,058,417,127 (1.506E+10) 3 hours
1Bitcoin 8.7339E+11 1 week
1BitcoinE 5.0657E+13 1 year
1BitcoinEa 2.9381E+15 60 years
1BitcoinEat 1.7041E+17 3,500 years
1BitcoinEate 9.8837E+18 200,000 years
1BitcoinEater 5.7325E+20 11,700,000 years
1BitcoinEaterAddressDontSend 1.6209E+47 3.3E+33 or 3.3 decillion years.

Outsourcing your Vanity Address generation

The best way to generate a vanity address is to calculate it yourself. However, for longer prefixes, you are unlikely to have enough computational resources or time to calculate them. In these cases, you can outsource your vanity address generation to a Bitcoin Vanity Generation Website. It is suggested not to provide a full private key; one idea is to use split-key address generation although some say that this is rather complex.

See also